Exploration Of Kadwaha, District Ashoknagar, Madhya Pradesh ( 2009-2010 ) Go Back | Go to Gallery


Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest states of Indian Union and it is situated within the geographical framework of 180 to 260 30' N. latitudes and 740 to 840 30' E longitudes . It is bounded by the Aravallis in the west, the Vindhyas and Satpuras in the south and Ganga-Yamuna Doab in the north. This state has a large number of mountains and rivers. Some parts of this region are covered with thick forests. Generally the climate is pleasant. Rich flora and fauna is found in this region. The agriculture and mineral products are available in abundance. Hence, physically culturally and politically Madhya Pradesh is regarded as the heart of India. It is also the passage way from north India to the Deccan. Large number of Mountain Rivers and forest in Madhya Pradesh made early man favored the habitation of foothills and open plateaus for raw material in order to manufacture stone tools and implements. On the river banks for availability of water and on edge for game and edible roots and fruits. Stone tools of early man and fossils of animals have been discovered at different sites in Madhya Pradesh where stone is abundantly available for construction of temples. From Sanchi pillar edict of Asoka and the Panuraria inscription of the second century B.C. and several votive inscriptions found at Sanchi and Bharhut indicates that Buddhism gained a footing among the common masses of Madhya Pradesh. These inscriptions help in tracing the evolution of the art and religion. The Besnagar pillar inscription shows that even the foreigner Heliodorus, became a follower of Vaishnavism, and erected a Garuda staff of Vasudeva.

On a whole we find a continuous cultural development from prehistoric period to the modern era in Madhya Pradesh. Traces of earliest temple activities of India can find from Sanchi, Vidhisha and Udaigiri. With the humble beginning of temple architecture in central India the Nagra style of temple architecture has been reached in to apex with full maturity and refinance what may be seen in the temples of Khajuraho, Gwalior, Lalitpur, Fatehpur, etc. From Gupta period onwards specially, in central India Pratihara, Chadella and Parmara temple styles were developed in different parts of Madhya Pradesh consequent upon which a revolution in sculptural art in 10th-12th century has been taken place. Despite of that there were some other regional styles were developed which were patronized by subordinate rulers of the principal monarch of this region. Kachchhapaghata rulers were among those who started temple architecture with great magnitude.

The district Ashoknagar (240 34' N and 770 46' E) covers a large number of Kachchhapaghata temples. Ashoknagar is a district headquarters and having old name as Pachhar which was fallen into disuse. During the reign of Akbar it was the headquarters of Mahal in the Chanderi Sarkar.