The temples mark the pinnacle of the Kachchhapaghata dynastic style. Gwalior was the seat of the Kachchhapaghata rulers. These two temples are in same style and order, the larger one is built by Mahipala in 1093AD. The temple faces north and built on high jagati, on plan the temple consists of a garbhagraha, an antarala, and a closed mandapa with three entrance porches. Originally the temple must have been a vast complex with grand dimensions and with impressive design. The two storied elevation for the antarala and the porch and a three storied elevation for the mandapa which has a tall bell roof (savarana). The sikhara over the sanctum is missing it must have been taller than the mandapa roof hence one can visualize how loftier could have been.
Jagati (platform) :
The temple faces north and entered through flight of steps leading to mandapa. The entrance is marked by the presence of Vishnu dvarapalas. In front of the temple a tall single stone dvajastamba (flag hosting pillar) can be seen. Temple stands on a raised high jagati (platform) now plain and a tall pitha decorated with bands of chequer, diamond, and Kunjaraksha, motifs and crowned by grasapatti, gajathara, and narathara. Above the pitha prominent row of niched sculptures of various divinities which are badly mutilated.
Vedibandha of the mandapa has khura, kumbha, and the kalasha mouldings. Internally the gudha mandapa entered through three entrance porches on either side. Temple built in a grand dimension, with impressive design. Antarala having two storied elevation for the porches and three storied elevation for the hall which is about 40mts, high roof.
The mandapa transepts are having minor pillars of circular and plain design whereas the main entrance porch and the mahamandapa are having very massive and tall Ruchaka type of pillars and pilasters which are extensively decorated with typical Kachchhapaghata art style representing the rows upon rows of stenciled scrolls, with middle bands of figures or stylized foliage and ghatapallava designs. With every minute iconographical details of various divinities are carved below the pillars and pilasters in niches, and canopied by toranas and flanked by Sura-Sundaris. The inner mandapa supported by four very massive and tall pillars with marking 12sides and 12 pilasters supporting circular ceilings. From ground floor a small size steps of about ten numbers leading to the first floor where the circular path around the first floor with 12 dwarf pillars supporting the kakshasana (balustrade) however kakshasana is missing in all transepts but its evidences is in the form of small pits available.
Gudha Mandapa :
Internally, it is very spacious with twelve sides, having circular Utaksipta vitana supported by massive four pillars and 12 pilasters. The gudha mandapa is very famous and exhibiting the exuberance and extravagance of decoration both interior and exterior which speaks about the greatness of the Kachchhapaghata art.
The centre ceiling of the mandapa one can see a series of about 13 concentric circles forming various designs of floral in cusp coffered designs.
Two dwarasakhas are noticed one in front of the mandapa and the other in front of the garbhagaha doorjambs. All of them are decorated profusely with more than five sakhas . Ganga and Yamuna always standing with their usual attendants and their vehicle. The stambha sakha (pillar) motifs seem to be very prominent among all sakhas and followed by patra, lata sakhas.
The middle part occupied by seated Vishnu and Lakshmi, holding gadha, and Padma, in right hands and the left hands embracing lakshmi, and with chakra. On either side Brhama along with Brahmani, holding kamandalu and surk, in right hands, and left embracing consort and holding pushtaka(Veda) the other side seated Siva and Parvathi, right hands pushpa and trishula, while left hands embracing Parvati, and having snake. The upper row is shown with Navagrahas.
The centre part mark with mandaraka symbol and on either side series of male and female attendants are showed with holding kalasha in their hands. Once entered inside the mandapa the dwarasakhas also been noticed inside the doorjambs thus it is a twin side dwarasakhas.
Garbhagraha Doorjambs :
Same likThough many scholars dealt already these famous twin temples situated inside the Gwalior hill fort however the survey carried out by my team will give a detailed description of its architectural and sculptural details, their positions in temple, and their location, direction, and other architectural features below.e the mandapa dwarasakha with standing divinities along with Ganga and Yamuna with their attendants. The main sakha is stambha enriched with intricate carvings, along with patra, lata sakhas.
The centre part is occupied with seated Vishnu in four hands and Brahma, and Siva are shown on either side. Most of their hands are mutilated. Seated Garuda is showed below them at the centre. Above them a row of Navagrahas are shown.
At the centre decorated mandaraka is shown and Ganesha and Kubera are shown on either side. Inside the garbhagraha two pillars and eight pilasters supporting the plain ceilings noticed.
The inscription found on either side of the entrance regarded to be very significant evidence with regard to the genealogy of the Kachchhapaghata dynasty and based on this inscription that this temple was built by grandson of Kirthiraja, Padmapala (c.AD, 1075-1080) founded this grand Vishnu temple, but he died without completing the grand edifice, and Padmapla's nephew and successor Mahipala (c.AD, 1080-1100) who completed the unfinished temple and put up its foundation inscription in AD 1093 which is providing the detailed description of the temple, and constitutes principal source of information for the history of the family. The inscription starts with "Om Padma Nabaya Namah" invoking the name of lord Vishnu.
The sikhara over the sanctum is lost, mandapa are provided with samvarana roof and dharani is decorated with lata-karma and kirtimukhas.
Nandini-dvara double framed of this temple bears the figures of Garuda holding the snake on a lalata bimba flanked by attendants.
Uttaranga: decorated with figures of Brahmanical deities.